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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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ADD (or ADHD) affects as many as 3-5% of children, and 2-4% of adults.    Attention Deficit Disorder can occur with or without hyperactivity.  If hyperactivity isn't present, it may also be called either Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - Inattentive (ADHD-I), or simply Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD).    See ADD Facts

Although ADD has an onset in childhood, it often continues into adulthood, and there are many adults who are only beginning to recognise their symptoms, but many more still who are undiagnosed.  Although the hyperactivity will diminish, attention problems often continue into adulthood.  See Adult ADD

ADD is a neuropsychiatric condition which is widely misunderstood by others.  The child is often labelled as naughty and disruptive, and the parents blamed.  Treatment options include the stimulant medications Ritalin or Dexedrine, although they have received much bad press, mostly through ignorance and misunderstanding.    In a recent article in the Guernsey Evening Press (18 November 2000), it is stated that about 50 local school children (Guernsey population 60,000) are prescribed Ritalin from the local ADD Clinic at Bell House.  Others are on alternative (eg fish oils) or no medication.    A 3 page article in the Guernsey Press on 8 December 2000 featured 5 local children with ADD who are presently treated with Ritalin, where they and their parents spoke about the difference that Ritalin has made to their lives.  With Ritalin, they are quoted as - being able to concentrate better, achieve higher grades at school, are less impulsive, less isolated, stable mood, control rage, feel calmer, less aggressive, more relaxed, more responsive, has friends.  For another, the Ritalin had negative effects, and for others, Ritalin can exacerbate any tics - and perhaps trigger the onset of Tourette Syndrome in a child who is (genetically) going to have Tourette Syndrome anyway.   See Treatment Links

Ritalin helps the ADD sufferer to focus.  In the same way that a short-sighted person needs spectacles to be able to focus clearly - Ritalin is the lens for ADD sufferers.

The term Attention Deficit implies that the person cannot concentrate - but it is truer to say they have inconsistent concentration.  There are occasions when they are able to 'hyperfocus' on subjects that interest them.

The majority of those diagnosed with ADD are boys.  Some research suggests that girls are more likely to be affected by the Inattentive subtype, and not display symptoms of hyperactivity.  As a result, they may be labelled as "dreamers" and very often go undiagnosed.  See Girls & Women Links   Girls with hyperactivity are likely to be described as a tomboy, or chatty & fidgety.

Children will experience problems at school, perhaps behavioural, but certainly underachievement.  See Education Links  However, the very intelligent child may be able to do sufficiently well in school work, not to raise concerns, particularly if there are no hyperactivity or behavioural problems.  They may do well in primary school, but begin to suffer more into secondary school, where the pressure increases and study becomes more self-directed, and requires more organisation.  These perhaps are the children who can still go undiagnosed.    ADD - Inattentive type

Symptoms may include the following (onset prior to age 7)

inattentive
forgetful
difficulty organising
appears not to listen
easily distracted
often loses things
fidgets
impulsive
often runs about or climbs at inappropriate times
difficulty playing quietly, talks excessively
difficulty waiting in turn
often interrupts or intrudes on others
often blurts out answers before question is asked
appears to be always on the go

See here for Diagnostic Criteria                        ADD - Inattentive                      Adult ADD

ADD often occurs with other neuropsychiatric disorders including Conduct Disorder,   Oppositional Defiant   DisorderAutistic Spectrum Disorders   and   Tourette Syndrome & other Tic Disorders

Young People's Mental Health

 

Links        Adults       Girls/Women        Treatment       Associated Conditions       Books      Sites TDA francais

Guernsey Information & Support Groups

Guernsey ADD Support Group      Tel:  (Guernsey)  244293 or  251148
Diagnostic Criteria
ADD - Inattentive type
Adult ADD
Conduct Disorders
Homework Strategies
Self-Esteem
Young People's Mental Health

ADD Sites

ADDNet  UK

ADD Contact

The ADHD Gazette

The Hyperactive Children's Support Group

Mentors in Schools Network 

ADDUP

ADDERS 

Bob's Little Corner

ADHD Factsheet   RCPsych

ADHD at Mentalhealth.com

The Restless and Excitable Young Child RCPsych

ChADD   Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 

E-Book on ADHD

ADD at About.com

Children with ADD

ADHD Sanctuary

ADDA 

One ADD Place

ADHD at NIMH

Outside the Box

HADDIT    ADD Humour

Diagnosing Bipolar or ADHD

Distinguishing ADD from other Conditions

ADD Articles at ADHD News

Born to Explore  The Other Side of ADD

ADHD at TS+

ADHD at Suite 101

ADHD - a Child's Point of View Suite 101

ADHD at Medscape

Christian ADHD

Learning to Soar  raising self-esteem of children with ADD

Building Self-Esteem in Children
How to develop self-esteem in our children

Teaching Children with ADHD

ADDvice for Teachers

Alphabet Soup    Children & Teen guide to ADHD

What's it like to have ADD?

Diagnostic Criteria

Dr E Hallowell - on Attention Deficit Disorder
ADDISS   ADD Information Services
Mental Health & Growing Up Factsheets  RCPsych
Uniquely ADD ADHD
ADHD & Comorbidity             Medscape
ADHD Forum at MGH Neurology
Alt.Support.Attention-Deficit     Forum

 

Adults

Adult ADD  See this page for info & links

Girls & Women with ADD

ADHD Underdiagnosed in Girls  Medscape Article

ADDVANCE  for women and girls with ADHD

Girls & Women are Underdiagnosed

Women with ADD

ADHD in Girls

Girls with ADD/ADHD

Don't Call Her an Airhead News article

Treatment

Guidelines on the use of Ritalin  National Institute of Clinical Excellence

Stimulant Medication for ADHD  RCPsych

Ritalin - Patient Information Leaflet

Medications Used

Medical Management of ADD

Medication Treatment in ADHD Guidelines for Educators

Medications Chart

Sites to look up Medications

Neurofeedback & ADHD

ADD Biofeedback

The Feingold Diet

Fatty Acids & ADHD

Fish Oils and ADD

Nutitritional & Dietary Treatments

Neurofeedback for ADD

Natural Remedies at adders.org

Neurotherapy FAQ

Aromatherapy for ADHD

Alternatives at Latitudes

Natural Remedies

Homeopathy

Herbal Medicine

Nutritional Therapies

Associated Conditions

Tourette Syndrome

Conduct Disorder

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Autism & Aspergers

Narcolepsy

Books

Women with ADD

Driven to Distraction

Understanding ADHD
ADD Success Stories
The Explosive Child : A New Approach for Understanding and Parenting Easily Frustrated, 'Chronically Inflexible' Children
The ADD and ADHD Diet
Why Johnny can't Concentrate
Answers to Distraction
Adult ADD
Out of the Fog Coping Strategies for Adult ADD
The Hyperactive Child, Adolescent & Adult

Sites TDA / THADA francais  (French Sites)

THADA.org  L'Hyperactivité en France
Deficit d'Attention
Trouble attention avec hyperactivité
Guide pour Parents
Hyperactivité et Troubles Associés
Vivre avec un enfant qui a un déficit d'attention
Au-dela des Difficultiés de l'Attention

Other Languages

European Associations
ADD in Europe

 

Adult ADD
ADD - Inattentive type
Diagnostic Criteria
Conduct Disorders
Links

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04 May 2002

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